Consumption Tax – Import to Japan

Consumption Tax

In case a non-resident entity imports by taking advantage of Attorney for Customs Procedure (ACP), the non-resident entity becomes an Importer in Japan. It means that the non-resident entity has to pay (1)Customs Duties and (2)Japanese Consumption Tax (JCT, Japanese VAT), when import.

With regards to the (1) Customs Duties, it is only required for the non-resident entity to make payment only, very simple.

Regarding the (2) Consumption Tax, the non-resident entity has to pay 10% of the value of goods when import. After import, if the non-resident entity sells goods to Customer in Japan, the non-resident entity receives Consumption Tax 10% of sales value from the Customer in Japan.

Tax Liability

In principle, the consumption tax the non-resident entity receives has to be paid to the national tax office. However, if you are a small business with less than 10 million yen in your sales in Japan (namely “taxable sales in the base period”), you may be exempt from the tax obligation.

How the Japanese New Invoice System affects?

The new invoice system for Japanese consumption tax will start October 2023.  To issue a qualified invoice, you need to be a taxable entity. Your Japanese customer can’t claim input tax credits unless the sellers to issue such qualified invoices.

However, if your customers are just consumers, not business entity, then it wouldn’t have to issue such qualified invoices, so in such cases you wouldn’t have to registrer as taxable entity, as long as your company is satisfying the requirements for exempt entity.

Tax Representative (Tax Agent)

On the other hand, there may be cases where the imported goods stored at inventory warehouse in Japan for a certain period of time after importation. And, the inventory period is long, in which case only the payment of import consumption tax occurs and the cash flow burden is large. In such case, you can submit a “taxable enterprise selection notification” to the tax office to become a taxable enterprise. In this way, you can receive a refund of the import consumption tax paid.

If the non-resident entity has tax liability or the entity selects as to be a taxable enterprise, then the non-resident entity has to appoint of Tax Representative(Tax Agent), apart from ACP.

We can support both ACP and Tax Representative as one stop service.


We’re a reliable ACP service provider for Amazon FBA’s seller

In recent, we’ve been supporting many import projects of goods related to the Amazon-FBA program. If you are looking for a reliable ACP service provider, please let us know.  

Guidance by Amazon

According to the seller central website in Amazon, there is a guidance by Amazon that non-resident entity needs to appoint an ACP or IOR. You may check on this “Non-resident requirements”. Also, you can check the document developed by Amazon “Understand ACP and IOR guidance”.   —–


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